The Role Of The Monarchy
In Yoruba, it is said “Oba ba lori oun gbogbo” meaning the that the King lords over all. As the formal head of the Kingdom, he presides over the affairs in the Kingdom.
The King is the unifying symbol and protector of the Kingdom. He is the custodian of culture and tradition, charged with the responsibility of maintaining peace within the land. To this effect it is important that he is aware of happenings within the kingdom which is where members of his court play a critical role – the ‘Baales’ and chiefs are expected to give regular updates on affairs of the communities and towns within the kingdom.
The King is the people’s voice to the government and the government’s voice to the people. He ensures that the relationship between the government and the people is cordial. He presents the people’s needs and ensures that the Kingdom receives all its entitlements – infrastructure, government healthcare etc He holds regular meetings with government representatives on state of affairs of the state and nation as a whole.
His day-to-day activities include meetings with the members of the court to provide him with a clear picture of the situation in the Kingdom, ongoing projects and the challenges, complaints, desire and hopes of his people. Where disputes cannot be resolved by chiefs, matters are escalated to the King. He is the ‘Chief Judge’ of the Kingdom
As the custodian of culture, he undertakes the formal opening of festivals every year as well as formally appoints new chiefs.
Ruling Houses: In Yoruba land, Kingdoms have ruling houses from which Kings are selected based on the prevailing culture and tradition of the land. There are 4 Ruling Houses/famlies in Ikate Elegushi and they are Kusenla, Akin Idunfa, Odiyan and Bakare